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  • Terrorism in the EOC? What an Irresponsible and a Satanic Campaign!

    October 14, 2014

    by T.Goshu

    1. as an Introductory View Point

    It has never been uncommon to us (Ethiopians) to come across a political history characterized by not only controlling the three branches of government (the legislature, judiciary and executive) but also controlling and abusing all governmental institutions and agencies by those who have come to power by hook or crook, or through deception and destruction . It has neither been abnormal nor surprising to us to experience a long period of political culture characterized by not only controlling and abusing political or governmental institutions but also social and religious institutions. As my comment is about the later particularly the very ugly mix of politics and religion, I want to proceed accordingly.
    It has neither been uncommon nor unexpected to experience a very miserable history of internal politics for a long period of history in a country with the mere existence of constitutions (cynically produced documents) that have been and continued to be applied at the very will of the rulers in order to protect their abusive power. There has never been a real sense of constitutionalism that should protect the very basic rights of citizens, not to mention democratic rights in the real sense of the term.Terrorism in the EOC

    Needless to say, the declarative saying of Emperor Halie Selassie “A country is for all; religion is private” which has been frequently cited was terribly deceptive as far as the political reality that had been characterized by the ugly politico-religious (the palace politics of the Emperor and the Ethiopian Orthodox Church) mix was concerned. It goes without saying that that declarative saying, “…, religion is private” could not make sense in a country where millions Christians were deprived of their very natural rights including God-given ones, and millions of Muslim citizens whose religious rights had been considerably disregarded.

    I do not think it would be necessary to discuss in length here about what happened to the relationship between politics and religion during our “socialist revolution” of the 1970s and early 1980s as it was self-explanatory. As the socialist political philosophy and religious beliefs were made diametrically opposite and badly manipulated, expecting the two to be with kind of harmony could not make sense at all. Is this not a very unfortunate part of our history? Absolutely it is!

    The most challenging but logical and legitimate question in this regard is whether we have showed any willingness and interest to learn from what terribly went wrong and have done something meaningfully better for the last quarter of a century .

    I do not know if our very commonly cited cliché “history repeats itself” has become part of our proverbial norm and clumsy excuse whenever we face a serious challenge, but we terribly fail to succeed. As our political trend keeps swinging from one scary (deadly) pendulum to another, so does our religious direction. And stupidly enough, we seem keep mystifying the very concept of “history repeats itself.” Do not get me wrong that I am intended to foolishly deny or dismiss the truth about the repetition of some historical events for good or bad. What I am trying to say is that witnessing the repetition of horrible political happenings not for a short period of time but a quarter of a century because of our own stupidly repeated failures does not make sense let alone being rationally convincing.

    Now, we are witnessing our “religious leaders” playing an evil-driven campaign under the cover of saving the Church (EOC). Thanks to those who exposed this not only loveless and terribly irrational campaign but also very wildly emotional, terribly wicked and dangerously hate-mongering rhetoric by those clergymen including “His Holiness – the Patriarch (the father of the Church” under the influence of high obsession of personal and group ulterior motives . And it has become much clearer than ever that those clergymen have to ally themselves with the very inner circle of the ruling party if their monstrous motives should be realized. That is exactly what happened in the last week of September (27 and 28). And I would like to appreciate ESAT (Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio) for informing the public timely, credibly and legitimately.

    2. The Conspiratorial Meeting Presided by “His Holiness”

    I attentively and repeatedly listened to one of the priests who claimed to be one of the staunch supporters of the Patriarch (Abune Mathias) at a meeting taken place in his palace on September 27 and 28. It was from the recorded audio broadcast by ESAT and Radio on its program, 10/9/14. To my impression, it was not only what he said but the way he said it speaks clearly and loudly about the very ugly, if not dangerous state of mind of those clergymen that may cause serious consequences to the Church of which its image has already been considerably damaged. Needless to say, this kind of uncontrollably inflammable emotion is very hard to think about let alone to witness exploding in the places of worship we call them blessed to preach love, compassion, tolerance, reconciliatory messages, truth, and forgiveness. Fellow Ethiopians, this kind of satanic rhetoric (fikare sietan) under the cover of religion, I strongly argue must unequivocally be challenged and rejected.

    Because of his evil-driven outrage about those who could not go in line with his “His Holiness” and crony’s ulterior motives (the power and the material benefits attached with it), the priest declared the need to fight against “extremists and even terrorists”. It is extremely outrageous to witness his stupidly ridiculous accusatory statement that was initiated and proposed by “His Holiness” against Mahibre Qedusan and the Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio. The priest could not control the real motive of those leaders and their supporters when he idiotically swung between seemingly religious concerns, the case of African Union (oops!), and the deadly political agenda of the ruling party (TPLF/EPRDF), and praising the “miraculous development” of revolutionary democracy. He angrily suggested to the “Holy Synod” led by “His Holiness” to have a total control over the financial and material resources – just like the ministry of finance or treasury. That is exactly the very gist of the motive of which the priest made crystal clear by using spiritual service (religion) as a cover or pretext.

    How it is terribly disgusting to hear a subordinate member of the highest level of religious leadership insulting those educated individuals (degree holders) as “nothing but those who wander wherever an alcoholic residual (atela) is available”. I wonder how the place where this kind of extremely trash words of mouth are being echoed can be claimed to be the place of worship where the Holy Spirit truly manifests itself.

    The priest talked about the employees (70 to 80) under his supervision, and he strongly argued what will happen to the livelihood of these people if he tries to bring down this number. But on the other hand, he admired the “miraculous works of developmental government”. Here is the question to be addressed to him; “Why not he ask his heroes of development – the ruling party to provide some of his servants with job skill training and make them beneficiaries of “the miraculous development?” Would not this be a good idea instead of keeping excessive number of parasitic manpower at the expense of the Church? By the way, who puts these people (his employees) in this situation whereas a very few top and middle religious officials and their cronies are taking the lion share of the resources of the Church through embezzlement and rampant corruption? I know this comment of mine makes those who fight hard for their own earthly living under the cover of the Great Teachings and Sacrifices of Jesus Christ very uncomfortable. But that is what it is!

    Imagine fellow Ethiopians; those religious leaders and their cronies have never uttered a word about the untold sufferings of innocent citizens who have been intimidated, arbitrarily detained, tortured, disappeared, imprisoned, forced to flee their country and killed for the last several years. Sadly enough, they are asking and encouraging the ruthless ruling party to keep its already unleashed sword more sharpened and keep those who may try to go against their will and interest silent and frightened. I want to stress once again that that was exactly what that poisonously hypocritical meeting presided by “His Holiness” all about. It was nothing but sending a conspiratorially warning message to the people through a highly dramatized politico –religious rhetoric.

    I do not know how any follower of the Church (Christian) with his or her right and genuine conscience of faith can afford not to be seriously concerned and do what is best for his or her belief. I do not know for how long should we go along with this kind of politico-religious mess and pretend that everything is fine. I strongly argue that the tradition of being compliant with the wrongly mystifying image of the leadership and other clergymen of our Church should rationally and constructively be challenged and rejected. Those religious leaders and their cronies who are not willing to come back to their common sense of humanity and offer their genuine religious services should unequivocally be told that there is no way to continue playing a role that is no in line with both the very mission of the Church and the interests of the of people.

    3. Mahibere Qedusan?

    I want to be clear that I am not in a position to discuss in length about the very reason that has made this kind of mess between these superior and subordinate bodies (the Synod and Mahibere Qedusan) which both claim basically believe in the same creed and promoting the right mission of the Church. But, I do believe that there is nothing wrong with expressing my view points as any genuinely concerned ordinary citizen or individual. It is from this perspective that I want to reflect my very brief comment. Needless to say, it is the right thing to get organized and advance the genuine secular or religious causes we believe in. And I sincerely believe that Mhibere Qedusan or any other association has the right to do so. Mahibere Qedusan may have its own justification for its coming into being (1984 E.C); and others may have their own version of narration on the question of how and why Mahibere Qedusan was established and why the previous Association (Haimanote Abew) has vanished. But I do think the real story behind this internal religious tug of war and its undesirable consequences are not clear enough yet. I hope time and history will tell the truth about this kind painful hide and seek game which keeps lingering around our Church we call it the place of blessing and mercy.

    I am saying this not because either I belonged/belong to this ort that group or I am with a power of knowledge about the religious groupings which come and go for good or bad. I am just raising a genuine concern about our tradition of destroying the past and restarting from the scratch both in terms of our secular and religious practices. We have never been the people of correcting what went wrong in our past practices and making them more sound, and developing the culture of continuity. Unless we want to be dishonest with ourselves, we still are victims of the culture of start and discontinue, organize and disorganize, inform and disinformation/misinform, orientation and disorientation, trust and ridiculous mistrust, and so on and so forth. I am not saying here that these opposite/ contradictory phenomena are not and should not be parts of the natural and even social realities we live in. Absolutely not! What I am trying to say is that we unfortunately have gone beyond what is normal and we are paying unnecessary price. Let me reiterate once again that the main reason for this ugly trend of ours emanates from nowhere else, but from our terribly excessive and harmful egoism (materially or otherwise).

    There was/is nothing wrong for Mahibere Qedusan to operate under the Ethiopian Orthodox Church’s Synod. But, correct me if I am wrong, that I do not hear from the association a real sense of courage to express its concern about the untold human rights violation of the innocent people of Ethiopia by the ruling party to the extent of intervening in the very affair of the Church and making it part of its dirty (deadly) political agenda and practice. I do not think collecting money and helping certain churches and monasteries here and there but keep silent about the absence of freedom and gross violation of human dignity makes a real sense both in terms of our religious and secular world. I strongly want to argue that although the people of Ethiopia could not be fortunate enough to have great personalities such as Abune Petros of ours, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Desmond Tutu and etc., they deserve to be led by people who relatively are courageous and honest enough about advancing the causes they stand for. That is what we are seriously lacking as far as the issue of making meaningful linkage between our words and deeds is concerned. I wish I could be deadly wrong when I argue that it is very unfortunate to witness the Synod and Mahibere Qedusan engaging themselves in undesirable, if not very ugly conflict for the sake of who should control the resources of the Church and use them as the means of having dominant power. I am well aware that this comment of mine would make both sides very unconformable, if not aggressively defensive. But that is, I strongly believe what the reality on the ground speaks.

    4. So, what is to be done to get out of all this terrible mess?

    I am well aware that several years have passed since we have made the points of suggestions I am going to jot down. We have used them as parts and parcels of our speeches, discussions, interviews, statements, conversations, arguments/debates, and so on and so forth. And I will not be surprised if some fellow Ethiopians would ask, “What is new?” My answer will be: we will never be able to get where we want to get without dealing with these sources of our weakness and failure. In other words, whether we like it or not, we cannot afford being tired of dealing with these issues now and then as long as the serious problems we continue to face remain unresolved.

    Who else make us free and let enjoy our fundamental rights including God-given if it is not we ourselves as a people? Absolutely nobody else!

    Let me proceed to the points I want to highlight:

    a) It has to repeatedly and sincerely be underscored that the major root cause for our social, economic, religious, cultural, moral, and all other aspects of our crises is nothing else, but the chronic illness of our political system. Yes, it is this systemic illness that keeps contaminating all other our valuable systems. I am sorry to say but I have to say that if we do not agree on this serious illness of our political system which we have come across for a quarter of a century, we will stupidly make ourselves victims of tragic failure over and over and over again. Be it religious freedom, freedom of expression, freedom of life, freedom of conscience, and so on and so forth; never be genuinely realized until we come together and say enough is enough to shouldering the dirty, if not deadly political drama. Yes, it will be naïve enough for us to believe things could get better without forcing those tyrannical and ruthless ruling elites either to come to the negotiating table and stop playing the deadly political game or to get out of peoples’ way.

    The next legitimate and logical question is how? The answer is of course through a well-coordinated / unified, unwavering and sustainable organization. I am well aware that many fellow Ethiopians can have another genuine and legitimate question: Are we short of political organizations? Unfortunately enough , not only many but we may be one of those poor countries which keep multiplying /breeding political groupings that are not only good for nothing (except few) but also knowingly or unknowingly play against the force of coming together with a unity of purpose. Sadly enough, our religious institutions have become victims of this very terrible political game.

    If this kind of very dangerous way of doing politics cannot convince those relatively credible and courageous opposition political parties and movements and make them to become a well-coordinated forces, I do not know what else can convince them.

    It would also be so naïve for us to expect those opposition forces to accomplish what they have to accomplish without our meaningfully and sustainably extended support as citizens/individuals, as formal or informal groups, and most critically as a people in general. Our role and support should not, in any way be a matter sympathy or kind of mere generosity of finance or material. It must emanate from deep self- conviction that what we are doing is for getting what we aspire and deserve, that is to bring about a system that guarantees our freedom and well-being.

    b) Those religious leaders and their cronies who are muddling in a very ugly , if not dangerous mix between politics and religion should think deep into their souls and minds and make the right decision for the sake of saving the Church in particular and this generation in general.

    c) The Synod in exile has its own part to play in this regard. There may be some fellow Ethiopians who may argue that the Synod is doing its part. Well, this this has a grain of truth somehow. The question is what about a considerable mismatch between words and deeds. Are we witnessing the trends of more togetherness and unification or the mentality of leave me alone and disunity and unnecessarily multiplying Churches and creating our own small kingdoms? I hate to say but I have to say that the majority of religious leaders and other members do not seem willing and able to see things beyond their circles and make their teachings and services meaningfully and powerfully relevant to the question of what is the root cause for the untold sufferings of the Ethiopian people. Simply put, they simply tell us, not show us what they say is what they mean in the real sense of the term. If we are serious enough about the ugly mix between politics and the Church back home, we cannot and should not continue business as usual. The terrible disgrace we are facing in every corner of our country because of the continuation of very ugly politico-religious mix and drama will never slow down let alone go away unless we seriously and courageously make an appropriate and strong linkage between religious institutions’ teachings and the issues of genuine freedom, rule of law/justice, socio-economic fairness, human rights/dignity/, morality, and etc.

    d) Those so-called “neutral” Churches need to genuinely rethink about getting out of their “comfort zones “and play what they are supposed to play as far the question of how we can and should contribute to the efforts being made by the people to bring about a system in which all human freedoms (including the right to worship) should be guaranteed. I do not believe that the mentality of I am neither with this nor that side or nor for this or that cause at this moment in time (the general crisis in our country) does make sense both secularly and religiously.

    e) Mahibere Qedusan: I sincerely believe that the things you are doing for the Church is highly appreciated. However, if these things could not be appropriately integrated with the efforts being made by the innocent people of Ethiopia for the realization of freedom, justice, genuine peace and stability, human dignity and socio-economic fairness; I have a genuine concern that your mission would remain terribly incomplete. I am not a person of religious knowledge; but I strongly believe that Jesus Christ has died not simply because He wants to show us that we can inherit the heavenly world for the simple reason believing in what he has done but also to show us that firmly standing for the truth and against all horrible injustices requires the readiness to pay an ultimate sacrifice. Are we really implementing our religious missions in line with this great teachings of Jesus Christ that has been intrinsically accompanied by practical example as far as the need to bring about genuine compassion, love, peace, justice, human dignity in our country is concerned? I do not think so unless we pretend and deceive ourselves which of course are the greatest enemies of both our spiritual and secular world.

    Let me sum up my opinion by saying that whatever we preach and teach, whatever we claim ourselves to be messengers of God Almighty, whatever the rhetoric we make, whatever we say we do this and that for our Church, whatever we decorate our teachings with all kinds of great words and phrases of the Great Book (the Bible); what matters most at the end of the day is what we really practically do for the prevalence freedom, justice, human rights , human dignity, love, peace and shared prosperity here on this planet earth. I hope we will be doing so

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    People wait for a bus in Addis Ababa. The government has launched an ambitious modernisation plan in the Ethiopian capital. Photograph: Giorgio Cosulich/Getty

     

    Progress has been remarkable since 1984’s ‘biblical famine’, but inequality, ethnic tension and civil rights issues need to be addressed

    It is now three decades since Ethiopia experienced the infamous famine that cost the lives of more than a million people. The tragedy prompted the BBC’s Michael Buerk to describe it as “a biblical famine in the 20th century” and “the closest thing to hell on Earth”.

    In sharp contrast with that devastating poverty, Ethiopia is now widely considered to be one of a pack of “African tigers”, with ambitious plans to become a middle-income country by 2025. The nation has, “like the proverbial phoenix, managed to rise from the ashes to become Africa’s fastest-growing non-energy-driven economy”, a senior tax adviser at KPMG Kenya recently noted.

    The changes that have taken place in Ethiopia since the 1984 famine are commendable. Despite some dispute over the figures, there is consensus that Ethiopia has registered impressive economic growth for the past decade of somewhere between 8% and 10%. One effect of the progress is a greater capacity to cope with drought, preventing the descent into famine conditions that have occurred in the past. Ethiopia’s development efforts are also praised internationally for meeting some of the millennium development goals, particularly universal primary education and a reduction in infant mortality.

    The government’s investments, the main engine of growth, abound, from building a road network to expanding basic social services, and making a big push in the energy sector. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Damon the Blue Nile, an impressive, self-funded hydropower project heralding the country’s rebirth, will be the continent’s largest upon its completion in 2017.

    Changes are equally visible in trade and investment. Exports have diversified and the country has become a major shipper of oil seeds, flowers, gold and, increasingly, textiles and leather products. This has been enabled by a steady growth in foreign investment, particularly into floriculture and manufacturing. It is indeed astonishing to see Ethiopia fast becoming a popular destination for global giants such as Chinese shoemaker Huajian and H&M, the world’s second-biggest clothing retailer.

    The spectacular change in Ethiopia has been enabled by the relative peace and stability it has enjoyed over the past two decades, which in turn has allowed its regional diplomatic influence to increase. Although there are still low-level insurgencies in some parts of the country, the ruling coalition has generally governed effectively. This has been buttressed by its allocation of more than 60% of the national budget to sectors of the economy, such as agriculture, education and health, that favour poorer people. Its predecessor spent most of the treasury’s coffers on the military.

    Ethiopia’s big push, like previous surges by the “Asian tigers”, also has costs that cast doubt on its sustainability. Although the government labels it a “democratic developmental state”, the political-economic order that the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front follows resembles those Asian models, which delivered rapid economic growth in an authoritarian environment.

    Yet unlike nations such as Singapore and China, whose economic transformation occurred within a closed political system, the EPRDF operates in what is formally a liberal democracy. This ideological entanglement has created structural tension, evident in the restrictions on political and civil rights that are, in theory, enshrined in the constitution.

    Growing economic inequality also threatens to undermine the political stability and popular legitimacy that a developmental state acutely needs. Who benefits from economic growth is a much-contested issue in contemporary Ethiopia. Although the government argues that the suffering caused by rapidly rising living costs is a transient phenomenon inherent in developing economies, the emergence of new economic elites through rentier activity and clientelism has exacerbated the sense of relative deprivation, particularly among urban poor people.

    Additionally, Ethiopia’s economic ambition has a cost for sections of its huge rural population. The country’s five-year growth and transformation plan, begun in 2010, includes tapping into the “abundant extensive land” in the lowlands for large-scale commercial agriculture.

    These peripheral areas - such as South Omo and the Afar region - are where ethnic minorities with a weaker political voice live. The government’s policy of urging these communities to shift away from livelihoods such as pastoralism to sedentary farming, while incentivising foreigners to invest in the same areas raises human rights issues, such as the right to choose a lifestyle and livelihood strategy which are included in the country’s constitution. These are particularly controversial in Ethiopia’s new federal political order, which claims to ensure ethno-cultural justice.

    Whether Ethiopia will attain its ambitious goal of becoming a middle-income country in the next decade depends how it manages the transition from public investment-driven growth to a dynamic, private sector-heavy model. It will also hinge upon its attempts to mitigate the many political and social costs of the transition. Notwithstanding these challenges, it has already been a long, arduous and successful journey from a land of “biblical famine” to one of the brightest economies in Africa.

    • Dereje Feyissa Dori is the Africa research director at the International Law and Policy Institute, a research fellow of the Alexander Von Humboldt Foundation and adjunct associate professor at the College of Law and Governance, Addis Ababa University

    Source: http://www.theguardian.com/ 

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    20 የቴሊቪዥን ቻናሎች… ለጐረቤት አገርም ይተርፋሉ!
    ኢህአዴግ ይቅርታ ሲጠይቅ አለመስማታችን ያሳዝናል!   

         ባለፈው ሳምንት የአገሪቱ ፕሬዚዳንት የተከበሩ ዶ/ር ሙላቱ ተሾመ፤ ለሃይል መቆራረጡ ይቅርታ መጠየቃቸውን አጉልቼና አፍክቼ መፃፌ ይታወሳል፡፡ ይሄ ብቻ አይደለም፡፡ ቀደም ሲል የከተማዋ ከንቲባም ይቅርታ መጠየቃቸውን አንስቼ፣ ኢህአዴግ አዲስ የይቅርታ ባህል መጀመሩንና እኛንም (መራጩን ህዝብ ማለቴ ነው!) እያስለመደን መሆኑን አወድሼ ነበር፡፡ ግን ተሳስቻለሁ፡፡ ጠ/ሚኒስትሩ የተከበሩ አቶ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ሰሞኑን በፓርላማ እንደተናገሩት፤ እኛ የኢህአዴግን ባህርይ ስለማናውቅ እንጂ ይቅርታ መጠየቅ ለፓርቲው አዲስ ነገር አይደለም፡፡ (እንዴት ሳንሰማው ቀረን?) በነገራችሁ ላይ ባለፈው ሳምንት ኢህአዴግ የዓመታት የይቅርታ ዕዳ እንዳለበት የጻፍኩት የፓርቲውን ባህርይ ባለማወቅ እንደሆነ ይታወቅልኝ፡፡ (ይቅርታ ባህሉ ነው ተባለ እኮ!) 
    እግረመንገዴን ጠ/ሚኒስትሩ በፓርላማ ከተናገሩት ውስጥ ሌላ ያስደመመኝን አባባል ልንገራችሁ፡፡ በፓርላማ ብቸኛው የተቃዋሚ ተወካይ የተከበሩ አቶ ግርማ ሰይፉ፤ “ኢህአዴግ ከጠብመንጃ ይልቅ ውይይትን ይፈራል” በሚል ለሰነዘሩት አስተያየት ጠ/ሚኒስትሩ ሲመልሱ፤ “በነገራችን ላይ ኢህአዴግ ጠብመንጃም ውይይትም አይፈራም” ብለዋል - በልበሙሉነት፡፡ (ሁለተኛውን ካልሆነ በቀር አንደኛውማ ግልጽ ነው!) ለማንኛውም ግን ኢህአዴግ የውይይት መድረኩንና ተሳትፎውን በማስፋት (በተቃዋሚዎች ቋንቋ የፖለቲካ ምህዳሩን--) በአፍ የተነገረውን በተግባር ማስመስከር አለበት፡፡ በሌላ አነጋገር ውይይት አለመፍራቱን ማሳየት ይኖርበታል (ለሃሜተኞች እድል መስጠት አይገባም!) በእርግጥ ውይይት ሲባል ከደጋፊዎች ጋር ብቻ ማለት አይደለም፡፡ ከተቃዋሚዎች----ፖሊሲውን ከማይደግፉ ቡድኖች-----ከሚተቹት ምሁራንና ጋዜጠኞች እንዲሁም ከአብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲ የተለየ ርዕዮተ ዓለም ከሚያቀነቅኑ ኢትዮጵያውያን ጋር ሁሉ መወያየትን ይጨምራል፡፡ (“ልማቱን ትቶ ሲወያይ ይክረም”አላልኩም!)  እናንተዬ… ሰሞኑን የተሰራጨውን ዜና ሰምታችሁልኛል? (ያስጐመዣል!) እኔ በበኩሌ የቀረበልኝን ምግብ እንደ መጐምዠት ዓይነት ነገር ነው የተሰማኝ፡፡ እናላችሁ… የኢትዮጵያ ብሮድካስቲንግ ኤጀንሲ በዚህ ዓመት መጨረሻ ላይ ለ20 የቴሌቪዥን ቻናሎች ፈቃድ እንደሚሰጥ የሚያበስር ነው - የሰማሁት ዜና፡፡ እኔማ መጀመሪያ ላይ ጆሮዬን ሁሉ ተጠራጥሬው ነበር፡፡ ምናልባት---ውስጤ ያረጀው የዓመታት  ምኞቴ በጆሮዬ አስተጋብቶ ቢሆንስ---አልኩኝ፡፡ ደግነቱ የሥራ ባልደረባዬ አብራኝ ነበረች፡፡ እናም ዜናው (የምስራቹ) እውነት መሆኑን  አረጋገጠችልኝ፡፡ አዎ… ኤጀንሲው ለ20 የቲቪ ቻናሎች ፈቃድ ለመስጠት አቅዷል፡፡ (ለጐረቤት አገር ሁሉ ሳይተርፍ አይቀርም!) እውነቱን ልንገራችሁ አይደል… እቅዱ በትክክል ተግባራዊ ከሆነ እኮ በኤሌክትሮኒክስ ሚዲያ ባለ ሁለት ዲጂት እድገት ማስመዝገባችን አይቀርም (ጠላት አንጀቱ እርር ይበል!)
    ይሄ እቅድ በኢህአዴግ ቋንቋ “የተለጠጠ” ነው ቢባል እንኳ ግማሹ እውን እንደሚሆን አልጠራጠርም፡፡ ስለዚህ በአመቱ ማገባደጃ ላይ አንድ 10 ቻናሎች አናጣም ማለት ነው፡፡ (ለእነ ደቡብ ሱዳን ሁሉ እንተርፋለን!) በእርግጥ ከምንም ተነስቶ 20 ቻናሎች መክፈት ፈተናዎች ይኖሩታል፡፡ (“ህልም ተፈርቶ ሳይተኛ አይታደርም” አሉ!) አንድ ነገር ልንገራችሁ አይደል…. ብሮድካስቲንግ ኤጀንሲ ቢያደርገውም ባያደርገውም ለድፍረቱ ብቻ ሊደነቅ ይገባዋል፡፡ ከ20 ዓመት በላይ ያልተደፈረ ነገር እኮ ነው የደፈረው፡፡ (አባይን እንደደፈርነው ማለት ነው!) ትንሽ መጠንቀቅ ያለበት ምን መሰላችሁ? እንደ ግል ፕሬሱ “አሳይቶ ነሳን” የሚል ሃሜት እንዳይመጣበት ብቻ ነው፡፡ 20 ቻናሎች ከተከፈቱ በኋላ በተለያዩ ምክንያቶች 15ቱ የሚዘጉ ከሆነ “አንድ እርምጃ ወደ ፊት ሁለት እርምጃ ወደ ኋላ” ይሆናል፡፡ (ወደ ኋላ ከመራመድ  ይሰውረን!) የግል ፕሬሱን የኋሊት ጉዞ ኤጀንሲውም አሳምሮ  ያውቀዋል፡፡ 
    አሁን ደግሞ ሰሞኑን በኢቢሲ (በኢትዮጵያ ብሮድካስቲንግ ኮርፖሬሽን) ወደቀረበው የግሉ ፕሬስ ላይ ያጠነጠነ ዶክመንታሪ እንግባ፡፡ እኔ የምለው ግን… EBC ምን ያህል በጀት ቢመደብለት ነው ይሄን ያህል ተከታታይ ዶክመንተሪ የሰራው? ቀላል አከታተለው! (በሽብር ላይ ራሱ ይሄን ያህል ዶክመንታሪ አልሰራም!) ከሁሉም ያስደመመኝ ደግሞ የርእስ አወጣጡ ነው፡፡ በተለይ ለሰሞኑና ከዚያ በፊት ለነበረው ዶክመንታሪ የሰጠው ርእስ ለአዋርድ እጩ የሚያስደርግ ነው፡፡ የበፊቱ “ያልተገሩ ብዕሮች” የሚል ሲሆን የሰሞኑ ደግሞ “ጥቁር ወተት” ይሰኛል፡፡ (“ማኪያቶ” ለማለት ነው የሚሉ ፌዘኞች አልጠፉም!) የሰሞኑን ዶክመንታሪ በተመለከተ ትንሽ ግራ የገባኝ ነገር ግን አለ፡፡ ዶክመንታሪው የተዘጋጀው ተከሰው ለተፈረደባቸው የግል ፕሬሶች ነው ወይስ በሥራ ላይ ላሉት? የተፈረደባቸውማ…. ገና ክስ ሲመሰረትባቸው አገር ጥለው ስለተሰደዱ የህትመት ውጤቶቹም ቆመዋል፡፡ እናም ማንን እንዳለመ ግራ ያጋባል (ራሱም ያወቀው አልመሰለኝም!) ለማንኛውም ግን በእዚህ ዶክመንታሪ ላይ በግሌ የታዘብኳቸውን አንድ ሁለት ነገሮች ልበል፡፡ (ዕድሜ ሃሳብን ለመግለፅ ነፃነት!) ዶክመንታሪው በዋናነት የግል ፕሬሱ ለአንድ ወገን የሚያደላና ሚዛናዊነት የጐደለው እንዲሁም ከአልሚነት ይልቅ አጥፊነት ላይ እንደሚያተኩር ይጠቁማል፡፡ በተለያዩ አስተያየቶች ተደግፎም የቀረበ ነው፡፡ እናም ለጊዜው የመቃወም ሃሳብ የለኝም፡፡ (ዘመቻ መምሰሉን ግን ማንም አይክደውም!) 
    የእኔ ጥያቄ ግን ምን መሰላችሁ? የግል ፕሬሱ ላይ ያነጣጠረውና “ጥቁር ወተት” የሚል ቅኔያዊ ርእስ የተሸለመው ዶክመንታሪ (ራሱ) ሚዛናዊ ነው ወይ? ከአንድ ምንጭ የተቀዳ የሚመስል አስተያየት ብቻ ስለሰማን እኮ ነው፡፡ (ሆድ ይፍጀው ማለት ይሻላል!)
    በነገራችሁ ላይ… በግል ፕሬሱ ላይ ተሰርተው በተከታታይ በEBC ከተላለፉ ዶክመንታሪዎች ሁሉ አስተያየት ሰጪዎች እንዳሁኑ “በአገር ፍቅርና በህዝባዊነት ስሜት” የተንዘረዘሩትበት ዶክመንታሪ ገጥሞኝ አያውቅም፡፡ ትንሽ ያልተመቸኝ… አንዳንድ አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ጋዜጠኝነትን በአገር ፍቅር ስሜት ለመለካት ያደረጉት ሙከራ ብቻ ነው፡፡ (መብታቸው መሆኑን አልካድኩም!) እንደኔ ከሆነ ግን ጋዜጠኝነትን በራሱ የሙያ መርሆችና ሥነምግባሮች መመዘኑ የሚሻል ይመስለኛል፡፡ (የግል ሃሳብ ነው!) ለምን መሰላችሁ? የአገር ፍቅር ስሜትን መለካት እኮ አስቸጋሪ ነው፡፡ በተለይ ደግሞ በጋዜጠኝነት ሙያ! አልሞከርኩትም እንጂ ምናልባት በ”ልማታዊ ጋዜጠኝነት” ሳይሻል አይቀርም፡፡በመጨረሻ EBC በቀጣይ ለሚሰራቸው እንደ “ጥቁር ወተት” ያሉ የግል ፕሬሱ ላይ ያጠነጠኑ ዶክመንታሪዎች ግብአት ሊሆነው የሚችል አንድ መረጃ ልጠቁመው (በሥራ ብዛት ሊዘነጋ ይችላላ!) EBC በግል ፕሬሱ ላይ ያተኮረውን የመጀመሪያና ሁለተኛ ዶክመንታሪ ከሰራ በኋላ የግል የህትመት ውጤቶች ቁጥር በትንሹ በ10 ያህል ቀንሷል፡፡ ግማሾቹ መንግሥት ከመሰረተባቸው ክስ ጋር በተያያዘ፣ ሌሎቹ ደግሞ አሳታሚ በማጣት ተዘግተው አሳታሚዎቹና ጋዜጠኞቹ አገር ጥለው ተሰደዋል (ለአገር ውስጥ መረጃ ባዳ መሆን ተገቢ አይደለም!) አሁን ደግሞ ወደ ተቃዋሚው ጐራ ልለፍ፡፡ 
    እኔ የምለው… ከተመረጡ ገና አመት ያልሞላቸው የ“አንድነት” ሊቀመንበር ኢንጂነር ግዛቸው ሽፈራው ስልጣናቸውን እንደለቀቁ ሰማችሁ? (ምነው እንዲህ ጥድፍ አሉ?) ለምን ተሾሙ ለምን ይለቃሉ? ሌላ ጊዜ ቢሆን እኮ በመልቀቃቸው ልናመሰግናቸው ሁሉ እንችላለን፡፡(በራስ ተነሳሽነት ሥልጣን የመልቀቅ ባህል የለንማ!) አሁን ግን ምርጫን የሚያህል ከባድ ዕዳ ከፊታቸው አስቀምጠው ሥልጣን መልቀቃቸው ማነጋገሩ አይቀርም፡፡ 
    ቆይ ግን ብዙ የተባለለትን ከመኢአድ ጋር የተጀመረ የውህደት ሂደት ከምን አደረሱት? በ10 ወራት የሥልጣን ቆይታቸውስ ለፓርቲው ምን ጨመሩለት? (ከለቀቁት የሥራ አስፈጻሚ አባላት ውጪ ማለቴ ነው!) ድንገት ስልጣን መያዝ፣ ድንገት መውረድ ሆነብን እኮ! አንዳንዴ…. ከስልጣን የሚወርዱም “ለምን?” መባል ያለባቸው ይመስለኛል፡፡ (አንዳንዴ ነው ታዲያ!) 

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    Kenya’s Laban Korir and Ethiopia’s Mulu Seboka triumphed despite frigid temperatures and a headwind at the Scotiabank Toronto Waterfront Marathon, winning at the IAAF Silver Label Road Race in 2:08:15 and 2:23:15 respectively on Sunday.

    Korir chased down the race leaders in the final three kilometres to win the $20,000 first  prize with Tariku Jufar holding on for second place in 2:08:36 and his Ethiopian compatriot Shami Abdulahi third in 2:08:41.

    Suboka regains Toronto Waterfront title after six year gap

    The women’s field went out very hard also and it was Kenya’s Rael Kiyara who led them in single file through the early stages before Seboka the 2008 Toronto Waterfront Marathon winner took over, with just her compatriot Amane Gobena for company, just before the halfway point.

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    By Alazar Kebede   
    Monday, 20 October 2014 08:02

    Different research works revealed that the urbanisation of our planet, which began in the 19th century, is one of the most notable changes in modern times. While in 1950, 29% of the global population lived in cities, that figure is estimated now at 50%. By 2030 it will reach 61%. According to UNDP, in Africa, urbanisation experienced a rapid shift from 15% in 1950 to 41% today. It is estimated that by 2030, 54% of African people will be living in cities. Not only are more people living in cities, but the cities themselves are also becoming larger and more densely populated.This situation poses unique problems related to the provision of water, sanitation and a healthy environment.

    According to the World Bank, Africa has now 19 cities with populations of more than one million inhabitants. Because of slow economic growth, lack of effective development policies and limited resources, the development of infrastructure has not kept up with the increasing needs for shelter and services in growing urban populations. At the same time, urban settlements in the developing countries are growing five times as fast as those in the industrialized countries.


    This explosive growth of urban populations has resulted in African cities having overcrowded, informal settlements characterized by inadequate housing and poor infrastructure such as water supplies, sanitation and waste management services. The consequence is that most cities, both in developed and developing regions, are showing trends towards segregation rather than social integration between rich and poor neighbourhoods. This is the case for many African cities, where local governments have been unable to keep pace with change and, as a consequence, have also been unable to provide inhabitants with proper infrastructure related to the provision of water and the collection, transportation, processing and disposal of waste materials.


    In developing countries with economies under stress, waste management is a problem that often endangers health and the environment. In addition, this is given low priority by governments often besieged by other problems such as poverty, hunger, child malnutrition, water shortages, unemployment and even war.


    Water supply, sanitation and health are closely related issues. Poor hygiene, inadequate management of liquid or solid waste and lack of sanitation facilities are contributing factors to the death of millions of people in the developing world, due to diseases that are easily preventable. On a global level, more than 5 million people die each year from diseases related to inadequate waste disposal systems.


    Contamination of water leads to a whole range of diarrheal diseases, including cholera, which kills 1.8 million people worldwide. An estimated 90% among them are children below five, mainly from developing countries. Most of the burden can be attributed to unsafe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene practices. According to UNICEF, Infant Mortality Rates are almost always higher in poor urban areas than the national average and than those in rural areas.


    A great proportion of the high mortality among the children of the urban poor can be attributed to diseases common in urban areas such as diarrhea, tuberculosis and parasitic diseases that are frequently associated with lack of safe water and sanitation. Malnutrition in children is often a consequence and a complicating factor. Experience has also shown that provision of clean water by itself only leads to minor health improvements. The most important factor is personal hygiene, with adequate public sanitation and clean water as additional, supporting components.
    Several naturally occurring and human-made chemical substances present in drinking water can have a serious effect on health, particularly in high concentrations. Among chemicals that can be dangerous at elevated levels are fluoride, arsenic, lead, cadmium, mercury, nitrates and pesticides. All these factors stress the need to implement policies that ensure the provision of safe water to the population, particularly in marginal areas lacking basic health and social services.


    It is estimated that one in three Africans has no access to improved water or to sanitation facilities and the number of people lacking those basic services is increasing. Unless actions are taken now, the absolute number of people lacking basic services will increase from 200 million in 2000 to 400 million in 2020. Despite progress, however, many Sub-Saharan countries will find it difficult to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set for 2015, particularly MDG 7, which stipulates to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
    According to a previous German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) official data on the progress in water and sanitation in sub-Saharan countries do not reflect the real situation on the ground. Coverage is overestimated in urban and rural areas. Importing sanitation models from the industrialized world and trying to implement centralized “one-size-fits-all” solutions is in many cases neither appropriate nor sustainable.


    Rather, planning approaches must be adapted to better allow for the planning and implementation of context-specific sanitation systems. Among recent innovations in sanitation planning is a more integrated planning approach and a greater emphasis on the actual needs and means of the users, encompassing close consultation with all stakeholders. It is necessary to overcome the lack of integration between the various components of environmental sanitation which are often run by separate agencies or institutions. Better use of synergies can lead to more sustainable and cost-effective solutions.


    To achieve adequate sanitation, it is necessary to convince local authorities, utilities and donors that there should be commitment and participation by all stakeholders. Several of these conditions are also applicable to improving the provision of safe water. In both cases, it is important to provide incentives for good practice. One such incentive could be increased financial aid to municipalities that succeed in implementing effective sanitation and safe water programs. It is also important to move from implementing a strategic planning process in a pilot municipality to disseminating results, through workshops, publications, exchange visits), followed by changes in legislation and procedures as necessary to replicate the process on a wider scale.


    The constraints for improvement are neither financial nor technical; they are political, social and managerial. At the same time, local authorities have to empower people through self-reliance and to support individuals and families in their efforts. Water-sector professionals, too, should combine their technical skills with the ability to communicate to those they serve. Better water and sanitation services can improve everybody’s health and well being. The seriousness with which we approach this task will be a measure of our commitment to building communities better prepared to face the challenges related to sustainably securing potable water and adequate sanitation.

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    ሜጀር ጄኔራል ፋንታ በላይ
    ሜጀር ጄኔራል ፋንታ በላይ በጎንደር ክ/ሀገር በለሳ ወረዳ በ1927 ተወልደው ጎንደር ከተማ ያደጉ ሲሆን የመጀመሪያና የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርታቸውን በጎንደርና አዲስ አጠናቀዋል።

    ጄኔራል ፋንታ አገራቸውን በውትድርና ለማገልገል በነበራቸው ሙሉ ፈቃደኝነት በኢትዮጵያ አየር ኃይል በ1945 ዓ ም ተቀጥረው በ34 ዓመት ግልጋሎታቸው የሚያስመሰግንና የሚያስደንቅ ሥራ ሰርተው አልፈዋል። አባታቸው ፊታውራሪ በላይ በአምስት ዓመት አርበኝነት በዱር በገደል እየተዘዋወሩ የጣሊያንን ጦር ፊት ለፊት በመግጠም ከፍተኛ ጉዳት በማድረስ ግዴታቸውን በጀግንነት በመወጣት ላይ እንዳሉ መስዋዕት ሆነው በጦር ሜዳ ወድቀዋል። የጀግና ልጁ ጀግና ነውና እኔም እንደ አባቴ ብሎ የውትድርናን ሙያ ወጣቱ ፋንታም ተያያዙት።

    ጄኔራል ፋንታ የኢትዮጵያን አየር ኃይል በዘመናዊ መልክ በማስተማርና በማደራጀት በአዛዥነትና በዘመቻ መኮንን በተለይ በምሥራቅ ጦር ግምባርና በሰሜን ከገንጣይ ጋር በተደረገው እልህ አስጨራሽ የመከላከልና የመልሶ ማጥቃት ውጊያ ወቅት የምድር ጦር የሰጠውን ግብ በቀላል መስዋዕትነት እንዲያዝ የማያቋርጥ የአየር ድጋፍ በመስጠት ግዳጁን በድል እንዲወጣ ያደረጉ ስመጥር የኢትዮጵያ ጀግና ናቸው።

    በተለይ በ1969 ዓ ም የሱማሌ ጦር ዳር ድንበራችንን ጥሶ በገባበት ወቅት የማያቋርጥ የአየር ድጋፍ ከመስጠታቸውም በላይ እንደ እግረኛ መኮንን ከአዛዦች ጋር እግረኛውን እያስተባበሩ የድሬድዋን ከተማ በጠላት እጅ እንዳትወድቅ ያደረጉ ጠንካራ መኮንን ናቸው።

    ጄኔራል ፋንታ በላይ በትምህርት የሚያምኑ፤ ረጋ ያሉ፤ ሁሉ ነገር በጥሞና የሚያዳምጡ ፈጥነውና ቸኩለው ውሳኔ መስጠት የማይወዱ፤ በበታቾቻቸውም ሆነ በአለቆቻቸው የተወደዱ፤ የተከበሩና የተማሩ መኮንን ናቸው።

    በተለይ በግንቦት 8 ቀን 1981 ዓ ም በተሞከረው መፈንቅለ መንግስት ለኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ተራማጅ የሆነ ዘመናዊ የሆነ ለውጥ ማምጣት አለብን በማለት ከጥቂት ጄኔራሎች ጋር ያቀዱት ዕቅድ በመክሸፉ መንግስት ረጉትን፤ ያላቸውን ዕውቅናና የማይረሳ መልካም ግልጋሎታቸውን ክብደት ባለመስጠት በሞት እንዲቀጡ ወስኖባቸዋል። የእርሳቸው ሞት ተራማጅ የሆነውን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አሳዝኗል። ጀኔራል ፋንታ ከውትድርና ትምህርታቸው በተጨማሪ በኤሮኖቲካል አድሚኒስትሬሽን እና በማኔጅመንት ሳይንስ በዲግሪ ተመርቀዋል።"

     

     

    ምንጭ "ሁሉም ነገር ወደ ሰሜን ጦር ግንባር" ከብ/ጄኔራል ውበቱ ፀጋዬ

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    Ethiopia’s clothes firms aim to fashion global sales

    Ethiopian fashion designer Fikirte Addis kneels down and wraps a tape measure around the waist of a customer, before scribbling on a piece of paper on which the outline of a flowing gown takes shape.

    The customer, Rihana Aman, owns a cafe in the capital, Addis Ababa, and went to Ms Fikirte’s shop in the city, Yefikir Design, for a wedding dress fitting.

    The dress, however, is actually for her sister, who lives and works in London, but will soon return to her homeland with her English fiance.

    Ms Rihana explains how she shares her sister’s figure, and that the cotton dress will be ready for when her sister arrives back for her “melse”, the Ethiopian wedding ceremony.

    “I love the traditional aspect of the clothing,” Ms Rihana says of why she chose Yefikir. “So many dresses now are too modern, and use fabrics that lose what it means to be Ethiopian.”

    Along with other designers, Ms Fikirte is drawing on Ethiopia’s rich cultural heritage while adding a modern twist to find success in the fashion industry at home – and increasingly abroad.

    As a result, fashion design is proving to be one of the most successful Ethiopian sectors for small business and entrepreneurs, generating profit margins ranging from 50% to more than 100%.

    Rich heritage

    Companies such as Yefikir have flourished in Ethiopia due to the absence of big chain department stores, and relatively low start-up costs, set against the high prices individuals are willing to pay for quality, traditionally made fashion garments.

    All Yefikir designs are made by hand on weaving machines operated using techniques that go back centuries.

    Flashes of colour come from strips of tilet and tilf – intricately woven or hand-embroidered multi-coloured patterns – which skirt hems, go around waists or course down backs.

    It took Musie Teamrat, a 27-year-old embroider, 10 days to make three tilfs for one Yefikir dress.

    As a result of such painstaking work, Yefikir’s custom-made dresses can sell for up to 15,300 birr ($850; £530), a sizeable sum, especially in a country where many toil for no more than 50 birr a day.

    Despite such apparent inequities, many Ethiopians – especially those in its growing middle class – are happy to pay handsomely for tailored garments with traditional influences, says 25-year-old fashion designer Mahlet Afework.

    Fikirte Addis (centre) is looking at increasing her overseas sales

    She adds that Ethiopians take great pride in the country’s ethnic diversity – about 84 languages and 200 dialects are spoken – and in displaying allegiances through clothing at special events such as weddings and festivals.

    Her clothing line, Mafi, specialises in ready-to-wear garments offering a notably funky take on the country’s ethnic melting pot, and one that has proved successful.

    In 2012 Ms Mahlet won the Origin Africa Design Award, and showcased her work at African Fashion Week New York.

    Home-spun skills

    Ethiopia’s successful fashion designers are predominantly women who grew up surrounded by traditionally woven cotton fabrics, and did not need to be taught the tailoring and embroidering skills required to make beautiful and delicate clothing.

    At the same time, a lack of formal fashion design education is preventing many Ethiopian designers from breaking out internationally, says Ms Mahlet, who is self-taught, and credits Google Search as her primary tutor.

    She adds that those few Ethiopian institutions teaching fashion design run courses that are far shorter than the typical three-year fashion degrees taught in the West, and need to better impart the skills needed to compete internationally.

    Other Ethiopian fashion houses

    Ayni’s Design

    Paradise Fashion

    African Mosaique

    Urban Roots Couture

    Esete Fashion

    Meshke

    Yohannes Sisters

    Another problem in the international arena is conducting sales transactions.

    Banking restrictions mean there are no foreign banks in Ethiopia, and international customers are often suspicious of paying into African accounts, Ms Fikirte says.

    Yefikir currently sells through Africa Design Hub, a US-based online store founded in 2013 by Western expatriates to showcase African designs while bridging markets.

    Elizabeth Brown, the store’s co-founder, says: “After living in East Africa for several years we saw the potential of African designs in the global market, but also a gap in market linkages, and knowledge sharing, between the industry and global consumers.”

    International arena

    Yet global interest in Ethiopia’s fashion scene is undoubtedly growing.

    “Ethiopia has some wonderful and interesting craftsmanship,” says Markus Lupfer, a British fashion designer who since 2010 has mentored young Ethiopian fashion designers in developing collections.

    He adds that growing international recognition for Ethiopia’s designers is partly a result of increasing demand for ethically produced fashion designs.

    Although for the majority of Ethiopia’s fashion designers, there is not yet enough of that recognition.

    And while local demand remains buoyant – this year Ms Mahlet plans to open in-store Mafi fashion concession areas in Addis-Ababa-based boutiques; common practice in the West, but a new concept in Ethiopia – designers agree that international demand is essential for significant business growth.

    Ms Fikirte and Ms Mahlet plan to bolster their companies’ online presences this year, with both sharing a goal of exporting their designs to overseas boutiques and online stores.

    “Ethiopia’s fashion industry is changing the image of Ethiopia,” Ms Fikirte says. “It is showing the diversity and beauty of Ethiopian culture, and providing some of the world’s best hand-woven cotton fabrics.”

    Source,  BBC

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    Refugee seekers lie on the beach along the coast of the southern Yemeni town of Ahrwar , about 630 km (390 miles) from the capital Sanaa

    Sanaa ( AFP + DIPLOMAT.SO) – Scores have drowned in the Red Sea in recent weeks trying to cross to Yemen making this year’s death toll the highest in years, the UN’s refugee agency said Friday.

    “There’s been a sharp increase this year in the number of migrants and asylum seekers losing their lives in attempts to get to Yemen, mainly from the Horn of Africa, with more deaths in 2014 than in the last three years combined,” UNHCR spokesman William Spindler told reporters.

    Thousands of people fleeing lawless Somalia and the iron-fisted regime in Eritrea, among other troubled countries, try to reach Yemen in the hope of making their way on to Saudi Arabia and the Gulf.

    In the latest incident, 64 migrants and three crew died on October 2 when their vessel sank in the Gulf of Aden after leaving Somalia, he said.

    “With five additional deaths since, this brings the number of dead this year to 215, exceeding the combined total for 2011, 2012 and 2013,” he said.

    Spindler said smuggling rings using overloaded vessels were increasingly getting more ruthless, throwing passengers overboard to avoid detection or capsize.

    The October 2 tragedy marked the deadliest sinking since June, when 62 people died. Forty-four people perished in March in another incident, while another in April claimed 12 lives.

    Spindler said that the latest deaths came against the background of a dramatic increase in the number of new arrivals for September off Yemen’s coast.

    At 12,768, it was the single biggest month for arrivals since current record-keeping began in 2002.

    – Abuse, rape and torture –

    “There have been frequent reports of mistreatment, abuse, rape and torture and the increasingly cruel measures being adopted by smuggling rings seem to account for the increase in deaths at sea,” said Spindler.

    “Search-and-rescue officials say the practice has resulted in hundreds of undocumented casualties in recent years,” he added.

    Similar stories have emerged from the far more travelled Mediterranean route, where more than 3,000 migrants have died trying to reach Europe this year alone, according to the International Organization for Migration.

    Among the migrants who cross the Red Sea and manage to reach Yemen, many get stuck at the Saudi border, unable to cross.

    Yemen is the only country in the Arabian Peninsula that is signatory to two international accords dating back to 1951 and 1967 governing the protection of refugees.

    It currently hosts 246,000 refugees, of whom over 230,000 are from Somalia and a smaller number from Ethiopia, Eritrea, Iraq and Syria, according to UNHCR figures.

    In addition to the foreign refugees, more than 334,000 Yemenis have been displaced within their country by conflict.

    UNHCR and its partners are working flat out with Yemeni authorities to help care for boat people who make it to the country,

    “We also call on countries of origin, transit and destination in the region to step up their cooperation in managing the flows of migration,” Spindler said.

    “At the same time they must pay due attention to the protection needs of refugees, asylum seekers and other vulnerable groups such as women and minors,” he added.

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    ነሐሴ 6 2006ዓም የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ የአማርኛዉ ቋንቋ አገልግሎት በኢትዮጵያ መንግሥትና በውጭ ሀገር የሚኖሩ ትውልደ ኢትዮጵያዊያን (ዳያስፖራ) መካከል ያለዉን ግንኙነት የገመገመ ዝግጅት ማቅረቡ ይታወሳል።

    በዝግጅቱ ዉስጥ ከተካተቱት በርካታ ርእሶች መካከል የካሊፎርኒያው አዙሳ ፓሲፊክ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ ሊሰጥ አቅዶ የነበረዉ የክብር ስነስርዓት የሰረዘበት ምክንያት አንዱ ነበር። ርዕሰ ጉዳዩን አስመልክቶ የተጠናከረ ዘገባ በአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ መሰራጨቱን ተከትሎ፤ አንዳንድ የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ጋዜጠኞች “ሆን ብለዉ እዉነትን አዛብተዋል።” የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ “የዳያስፖራዉን ድምጽ እንዳይሰማ አፍነዋል” የሚሉና በተለይም አዙሳ ዩኒቬርሲቲ ሽልማቱን እንዲሰርዝ ዘመቻ ካደረጉት አንዱ ጋዜጠኛና የፖለቲካ አክቲቪስት አቶ አበበ ገላዉ ቪኦኤ ላይ ያቀረባቸዉ ክሶች በራሱ ድረ ገጽ አዲስ ድምጽ፣ በኢሳትና በሌሎች የዳይስፓራ መገናኛ ብዙሃን ሲሰራጭ ሰንብቷል።

    ከአቶ አበበ ገላዉና የዋሽንግተን ዲሲ ኢትዮጵያ ማህበረሰብ ጣምራ ግብረ-ሃይል ከተባለው  የዳያስፖራ ቡድን ለአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ አስተዳደር የተቃዉሞ ደብዳቤዎች ደርሰዋል። የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮም በዝግጅቶቹ ላይ ከማንኛውም ወገን የሚቀርቡ ተቃውሞዎችንና ትችቶችን ትኩረት ሰጥቶ ያጣራል። በዚህም መሰረት የጣቢያው ሃላፊዎች የፕሮግራሞችን ይዘት የሚገመግም ገለልተኛ አጣሪ ቡድን መድበው፤ የፕሮግራሙን ይዘት አስመርምረዉ ለአቶ አበበ ገላዉ ኦፊሴል ምላሽ ሰጥተዋል።

    ቀጥለን በምናቀርበዉ ዝግጅት የነሐሴ 6ቱን ዘገባ ዋና ዓላማና የተጠናቀረበትን ሁኔታ፣ የገለልተኛውን አጣሪ ቢሮ ድምዳሜዎች፣ እንዲሁም ከፕሮግራሙ ሰፊ ክፍል በአንድ ነጥብ ላይ የተፈጠረዉን ዉዥንብር ግልጽ ካደረግን በኋላ፤ አሻሚ የሆኑና የተሳሳትንባቸው ነጥቦች ላይ ማስተካከያ ለመስጠት ነው።

    የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮ ገለልተኛ አጣሪ ቡድን፤ የነሐሴ 6ቱን ዝግጅት ወደ እንግሊዝኛ አስተርጉሞ ይዘቱን እስኪያጣራ ጊዜ ስለወሰደ በፕሮግራም ላይ ማብራሪያ ለመስጠት መዘግየቱን እናምናለን። ለዚህም አድማጮቻችንን ይቅርታ እንጠይቃለን።

    ነሐሴ 6 2006 ዓ.ም. በአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ የአማርኛዉ ቋንቋ የተሰራጨዉ ዘገባ የኢትዮጵያን መንግስትና በዉጪ አገሮች በተለይም በዋሽንግተን ዲሲና አካባቢዋ የሚኖረዉን የትዉልደ ኢትዮጵያ ማህበረሰብ ግንኙነት የገመገመ ነበር። በዋሽንግተንና አካባቢዋ የኢትዮጵያን መንግስት ፖሊስ የሚነቅፉና የሚደግፉ እንዳሉ ሲታወቅ፤ በሀምሌ ወር መጨረሻ ላይ በዋሽንግተን ዲሲ በተካሄደዉ የUS እና የአፍሪቃ መሪዎች ጉባኤ ላይ የተገኙ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ባለስልጣናት ከዳያስፖራዉ የገጠማቸዉ ተቃዉሞ ትኩረት የሚስብ ነበር።

    የመሪዎቹ ጉባኤ በተከፈተበት ሰኞ ሃምሌ 28 ቀን ከፍተኛ ቁጥር ያላቸዉ ትዉልደ ኢትዮጵያ የዋሽንግተን ዲሲና አካባቢዋ ነዋሪዎች የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትን ፖሊሲና የስብአዊ መብት አያያዝ በመቃወም ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ አድርገዋል። የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ በዚያ ተቃዉሞ ሰልፍ ላይ ያጠናቀረዉን ዘገባ በወቅቱ አስራጭቷል።

    ጉባኤዉን ለመካፈል ዋሽንግተን የተገኙ የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናት ከዳያስፓራ አክቲቪስት ወይም የፖለቲካ ለውጥ አራማጆች በተናጠል የገጠማቸዉ ተቃዉሞ በማህበራዊ መገናኛ ብዙሃንና Youtube ተሰራጭቷል። የኢትዮጽያ መንግስት ኮሚኒኬሽንስ ጉዳዮች ሚኒስትር አቶ ሬድዋን ሁሴን በአንድ የቨርጂኒያ የልብስ መደብር ዉስጥ እንዲሁም የንግድ ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ከበደ ጫኔ ላሊበላ በሚባል የዋሽንግተን ዲስ ምግብ ቤት ዉስጥ ከዳያስፖራ የፖለቲካ ለውጥ አራማጆች የገጠማቸዉ ተቃዉሞ በምሳሌነት ይጠቀሳል። እነዚህ ክስቶች ዜና ከመሆናቸዉም በላይ፤ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትን ከሚተቸዉ ዳያስፖራ ተቃዉሞው እየሰላ መምጣቱን የሚያሳዩ ናቸዉ።

    በሌላ በኩል በዘገባው እንደቀረበው የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት በሚቆጣጠራቸዉ መገናኛ ብዙሃን በዳያስፖራዉ ኑሮ አሉታዊ ፕሮግራሞች ያቀርባሉ። በኢትዮጵያ ቴሌቪዢን የሚቀርቡ የድራማ ዝግጅቶት በዉጭ አገር ተምረዉ ኑሯቸዉን አሸንፈዉና ለማህበረሰቡ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ከሚያደርጉት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ኑሮ ይልቅ ሳይሳካላቸው የቀሩና ቤት አልባ የሆኑ ምሳሌዎች ላይ በማትኮር የስላቅ ትረካ ከሚቀርብባቸው ድራማዎች ከአንድ ሙዚቃው ጋር ቀንጭቦ አቅርቧል።

    ዘገባው ሲቀጥል በዉጭ አገር የሚኖሩ ኢትዮጵያዉን ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብና መንግስት የኢኮኖሚ ምንጭ መሆናቸውን ያትታል። በሰዉ እጅ በአደራ ለዘመድ ወዳጅና ለልዩ ልዩ ወጪዎች ድጎማ ወደ አገር የሚገባዉ ገንዘብ ሳይሰላ በኦፊሴል በባንክ ከዳያስፖራ የሚላከዉ ገንዘብ ለአገሪቱ የዉጪ ምንዛሪ ከሚያሰገኙ ምርቶች ገቢ የላቀ መሆኑን ዓለም አቀፍ የገንዘብ ተቋማት ይናገራሉ። በዓመት ከዳያስፖራ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የሚገባዉ የገንዘብ መጠን ከ3 ቢሊዮን ዶላር በላይ መሆኑን የዓለም ባንክ መረጃ ይናገራል።

    የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ ዘገባ ታዲያ እነዚህን ጭብጦች የዘረዘረና በዳያስፖራና በኢትዮጵያ መንግስት መካከል ያለዉ ልዩነት መካረር ለምን? እንዴትስ ቢሆን ይፈታል? የሚል ግምገማ ያቀረበ ነዉ። እነዚህን ነጥቦች የገመገሙልን በየጊዜዉ ሚዛናዊ ትንታኔ ወይም አስተያየት የሚሰጡን የሕግ ባለሙያ አቶ ሙሉጌታ አረጋዊ ናቸዉ። ስለዳያስፖራ ተቃዋሚዎችም ሆነ ስለኢትዮጵያ መንግስት የሰጡን ግምገማ ከነሙሉ ዘገባው በድረ-ገጻችን www.voanews.com ላይ ይገኛል።

    አስራ አንድ ደቂቃ ርዝመት ያለው የነሐሴ 6ቱ ዝግጅታችን አብላጫው ክፍል በነዚህ ርእሶች ላይ ያተኮረ ነው። በካሊፎርኒያ የሚገኘዉ የአዙሳ ፓሲፊክ ዩኒቨርሲቲ፤ ከዚያ ዲግሪያቸዉን ላገኙት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማሪያም የክብር ስነስርዓት ለማድረግ የነበረዉ እቅድ በጋዜጠኛና የፖለቲካ አክትቪስት አበበ ገላዉ እንዲሁም በሌሎች ተቃዉሞ መሰረዙ አንዱ የሰሞኑ ክስተት እንደነበር አንድ ባልደረባችን ገለጸልን። እዚህ ላይ መረጃዉን በጊዜዉ አግኝተን ብንዘግብበት ተገቢ መሆኑን እንገልጻለን። ሆኖም በኢሳት ቴሊቪዥን እንደተነገረዉ፤ ኢሳት ከሁለት ሳምንታት በፊት ርእሱ ላይ መዘገቡን በማወቅ የኢሳትንም ሆነ የአቶ አበበ ገላዉን “ተአማኒነት ለማጥፋት”፤ የነሐሴ 6ቱን ፕሮግራም ባጠናቀረዉ ጋዜጠኛ ሄኖክ ሰማእግዜርም ሆነ በዋና አዘጋጅዋ ትዝታ በላቸዉ የተደረገ ደባ እንደሌለ ማስገንዘብ እንወዳለን።

    በአሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮ አሰራርና ዘገባዎች ላይ ትችቶችና ቅሬታዎች ከተለያዩ የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች፣ መንግስታትና ለውጥ አራማጆች ይሰማሉ። ከኢትዮጵያ መንግስት የአማርኛው ዝግጅት ክፍል ለተቃዋሚዎች “ያዳላል” የሚል ባለ 42 ገጽ ክስ ከሶስት ዓመት በፊት ቀርቦበታል። ቪኦኤም ገለልተኛ አጣሪ ቡድን በመመደብ በአግባቡ አጣርቶ ምላሽ ሰጥቶበታል። አቶ አበበ ገላውም በዝግጅታችን ላይ ቅሬታ ሲያቀርብ የመጀመሪያው አይደለም። ከዚህ ቀደም የቮኦኤን ዘገባዎችና ጋዜጠኛ ገለልተኝነት ከጥያቄ የሚያስገቡ ተቃውሞዎችን አቅርቧል። የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮ በነዚህ ክስተቶች ላይ ተገቢውን ማጣራት አድርጎ፤ በዘገባዎቹና አሰራሩ የሚተማመን መሆኑን አሳውቋል። በዚህም መሠረት የዝግጅት ክፍላችን በማንኛውም ጊዜ የሚቀርቡ ቅሬታዎችንና ትችቶችን በአግባቡ ተቀብሎ፤ ተገቢውን ማጣሪያ የማድረግ፤ አስፈላጊ ሆኖ ከተገኘ ምላሽ ይሰጣል። የጋዜጠኝነት መርሆም ይሄው ነውና።

    የሆነ ሆኖ ከክፍላችን ባልደረባ ያገኘነዉ አቶ አበበ ገላዉ ከአዙሳ ፓሲፊክ ዩኒቬርሲቲ የህዝብ ግንኙነት ሃላፊ Rachel White ጋር የተለዋወጠዉ የኢሜል መልክት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን ለማክበር ተጀምሮ የነበረዉ ዝግጅት መሰረዙን ስለሚጠቁም፡-

    1ኛ- በዳያስፓራዉና በኢትዮጵያ መንግስት መካከል ያለዉ ግንኙነት መሻከር ማሳያ በመሆኑ

    2ኛ- አቶ ሃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ የአገሪቱ መሪ እንደመሆናቸዉ ዜናዉ አንድምታ ስላለዉ በመጨረሻዉ ደቂቃ በዝግጅቱ ለማካተት በጋራ ወሰንን።

    ስነስርዓቱ የተሰረዘበትን ሁኔታ ከዩኒቨርሲቲዉ ማጣራት ዘገባችንን የተሟላ እንደሚያደርገዉ በማመን፤ ወደ ዩኒቬርሲቲዉ ቃል አቀባይ Rachel White ስልክ መደወል አስፈላጊ ነበር። ፕሮግራሙን ያቀናበረዉ ሔኖክ ይህን ለማጣራት ጊዜዉ ስላልነበረዉ ሌላ የክፍላችን ባልደረባ የዩኒቨርሲቲውን ሕዝብ ግንኙነት ሃላፊ በማነጋገር መልሱን በጽሑፍ ተቀበለ። በነገራችን ላይ የRachel White ድምጽ “ለምን አልተቀዳም?” የሚል ጥርጣሬ የተሞላበት ተቃዉሞ ፕሮግራሙን ከሚተቹ ይሰነዘር ነበር። የተሰጠዉ ቃል በትክክል እስከ ተቀመጠ ድረስ አሰራሩ በጋዜጠኝነት ሙያ የተለመደ እንደሆነ ልናስገነዝብ እንወዳለን። በዚህ አሰራር መሰረት የተሰጠው ቃል በድምጽ ካልሆነ፤ በስልክ ወይንም በጽሁፍ የተሰጠውን ምላሽ አንቀበልም አንልም። 

    የሆነ ሆኖ Rachel White የዩኒቨርሲቲዉ ባለስልጣናት በዩናይትድ ስቴይትስ የውጭ ጉዳይ መስሪያቤት የተጻፈዉን የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ በመገምገም ላይ እያሉ፤ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃለማሪያም ደሳለኝ ደዉለዉ መገኘት እንደማይችሉ በመናገራቸዉ ስነስርዓቱ መሰረዙን በቃል ገልጹልን። የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ ገለልተኛ አጣሪ ቢሮ ፕሮግራሙ የተሰረዘበትን ምክንያት ለማወቅ ወደ Rachel White ባደረገዉ የስልክ ጥሪ የሕዝብ ግንኙነት ሃላፊዋ ይህንኑ ለአማርኛዉ አገልግሎት የሰጡትን ምክንያት ነዉ የደገሙት።

    በዘገባችን የተጠቀሰዉ ምክንያት ግን “ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሰለ ሰረዙ” የሚለዉ ብቻ በመሆኑ፣ የዩኒቨርሲቲዉ ሹማምንት የኢትዮጵያን መንግስት ሰብአዊ መብት ይዞታ እየገመገሙ እንደነበር ባለመጥቀሳችን አድማጮቻችንን ይቅርታ እንጠይቃለን። በኢትዮጵያ ያለዉን የሰብአዊ መብት ሁኔታ በየጊዜዉ ስለምንዘግብና ወደፊትም መዘገባችንን ስለምንቀጥል ከዚህ ሪፓርት ዉስጥ ሆን ብለን የምናወጣበት ምክንያት አይኖርም።

    እንደ ሌሎች ጋዜጠኞች ሁሉ ታዲያ እኛም ሰዎች በመሆናችን አንዳንዴ በሰዓቱ ፕሮግራም ለማድረስ ስንጣደፍ፤ ወይም በአንድ ርእስ ላይ ያለን መረጃ የተሟላ ሳይሆን ሲቀር ስህተት እንሰራለን። ሆኖም መስሪያ ቤታችን እነዚህን ስህተቶች ተቀብሎ የማረም ግልጽ ፖሊስ ይከተላል።

    የአዙሳ ዩኒቨርስቲ ቃል አቀባይ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኋይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የክብር ስነስርዓት መሰረዝን አስመልክቶ የሚሰጡን አዲስ መረጃ ካለ ማብራሪያ እንዲሰጡ በስልክ ጋብዘናል።

    Rachel White በመጀመሪያ በዉሳኔዎቻችን ሁሉ እግዚአብሔር ቀደሚ ነዉ ከሚለዉ ዋናዉ መርሆችንና እምነታችን በላይ የሆነ እንደሌለ በመግለጽ ልጀምር ካሉ በሁዋላ

    “የዩኒቬርሲቲዉ አመራር አባላት በቅርቡ የአሜሪካ ዉጭ ጉዳይ መስሪያ ቤት የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራል ከፈተኛ ፍርድ ቤት በእስር ላይ የሚገኙ ጋዜጠኞች ላይ ያሳለፈዉን ዉሳኔ አስመልክቶ የወጣዉ መግለጫ ጭምር በኢትዮጽያ የሚካሄዱ ጉዳዮችን እየተከታተሉ ሳለ ወዲያዉ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ጉዟቸዉን በአጭር እንደሚቆርጡ መልዕክት ደረሰን። ስለዚህ ስነስርዓታችን ተሰረዘ።”

    የትኛዉ ነጥብ ነዉ ለዩኒቨርሲቲዉ ባለስልጣናት ዉሳኔ ዋና መሰረት የሆነዉ? የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ስነስርዓቱ ላይ እንደማይገኙ እናንተን ማሳወቅ ወይስ የሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳይ? ለሚለዉ ጥያቄያችን Rachel White መልስ ሲሰጡ: “ዩኒቨርሲቲዉ የሰብአዊ መብት መከበር በጣም ያሳስበዋል። እግዚአብሔርን እንደሚያስቀድም አንድ የክርስቲያን ተቋም። ሆኖም የክብር ስነስርዓቱ የተሰረዘበት ምክንያቶች ተከታታይ ናቸዉ። የኢትዮጵያ የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ አሳስቦን ዜናዎችን እየተከታተልን ሳለ፥ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሰልክ ደዉለዉ ለክብር ስነስርዓቱ እንደማይገኙ ገለጹልን።”

    የዳያስፖራ ማህበረሰብ አባላት ስነስርዓቱን እንድትሰርዙ ያደረጉት ጥረት የቱን ያህል ሚና ነበረዉ?

    Rachel White ይመልሳሉ:- “እንዳልኩት ዩኒቨርሲቲዉ ለዉሳኔዎቹ ሁሉ መሰረት የሚያደርገዉ እግዚአብሔር ቀዳሚ ነዉ የሚለዉን መተክሉን ነዉ። ስለዚህ በዉጪ ድርጅቶች እኛን ማግባባት ሳይሆን የዉስጥ መርሃችን ላይ ነዉ ያተኮርነዉ።”

    ቀድሞዉኑ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ የክብር ስነስርዓት ማድረግ ከየት ነዉ የመነጨዉ?”

    “ስለዚያ ልናገር አልችልም። የዚያ ዉሳኔ አካል አልነበርኩም።” ነበር ያሉት Rachel White

    አቶ አበበ ገላዉ ሰለ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማሪያም ሽልማት መሰረዝ የቪኦኤ አማርኛ አገልግሎት የዩኒቨርሲቲውን ቃል አቀባይ ጠቅሶ ባቀረበው ዘገባ የተሰጠዉ ምክንያት ሰህተት መሆኑን በመጠቆም በተደጋጋሚ ለአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ ሃላፊዎች ደብዳቤ ጽፏል። የበኩሉን እንዲያስረዳ ጠይቀናል።

    (በአማርኛ የሰጠውን ቃል ከዚህ ዘገባ ጋር አያይዘናል)

    አቶ አበበ ገላይ ከላይ ያቀረባቸውን ነጥቦች እናመሳክር፡

    1ኛ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ “ወደ ኢትዮጵያ መመለስ እንዳለባቸው በመግለጻቸው” የሚለው የRachel White ቃል ነው። በኛ ዘገባ ከፊትም ከኋላም አልተባለም።

    2ኛ ዝግጅቱ የተሰረዘው በአበበ ገላውና ዓለም አቀፍ ትብብር ለኢትዮጵያ መብት “ጫና” በሚል አቶ አበበ ያቀርበው መረጃ በእርግጥም በኛ ዘገባ “ጫና የሚል ቃል አልተጠቀምንም”

    “በGARE እና በራሱ የቀረበ ተቃውሞ ውሳኔው መቀልበሱን በዘገባ አስፍሯል” ነው የሚለው። ይህንም ያገኘንው ረቡእ ጁላይ 23 በ1.07 PM ላይ ባሳተመው “ዩኒቨርስቲው የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን ክብር ገፈፈ” በሚል ርእስ ባሰፈረው ጽሁፍ ላይ ነው። እንዲህ ይላል “ የአሜሪካ ወንጌላዊት ዩኒቨርስቲው አስተዳደር ውሳኔውን ያሳለፈው ባለፈው ዓርብ በጠራዉ አስቸኳይ ስብሰባ ላይ ይሄ ዘጋቢ (አቶ አበበ ገላውን ማለቱ ነው) በርካታ የተቃውሞ ጥያቄዎችን በማንሳት፤ የሰብዓዊ መብት ለሚጥስ ሰው ክብር መስጠት ከAPU መመሪያ ቃል ጋር አብሮ ይሄዳል ወይ የሚል ጥያቄ ካነሳ በኋላ ነው።

    3ኛውና የመጨረሻው ነጥብ “ደብዳቤ አልጻፍኩም” የሚለው ሲሆን፤ ይህንን የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮ ያገኘው አቶ አበበ ገላው ለባልደረባችን በላከው ኢ-ሜይል ነው። የተላከው የኢሜይል መልዕክት ከአሱዛ ፓሲፊክ ዩኒቨርስቲ ቃል አቀባይ ሬቸል ዋይት ጋር በጁላይ 17 እና 19 የተለዋወጠው ሲሆን፤ ቃሉንም የወሰድነው አቶ አበበ ገላው ከላከልን የኢሜይል ልዉውጥ ነው። በዘገባችን “ደብዳቤ” ነው ያልንው-- “ኤሌክትሮኒክ ደብዳቤ (ኢ-ሜይል)” በሚል እናርማለን።     

    የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ አስተዳደር አቶ አበበ ገላውና የዋሽንግተን ዲሲ ኢትዮጵያ ማህበረሰብ ጣምራ ግብረ-ሃይል ያቀረቡትን ተቃውሞ በገለልተኛ አጣሪ ቡድኑ ወደ እንግሊዘኛ አስተርጉሞ ይዘቱን መገምገሙን ገልጾናል። መስሪያ ቤቱ የደረሰባቸዉን ግኝቶች ቀጥለን እናቀርባለን።

    1ኛ፡ የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ የአማርኛዉ ቋንቋ አገልግሎት በዘገባዉ ለኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ወገንተኝነትን አላሳየም።

    2ኛ፡ የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ በዚያ ዘገባ ያቀረበዉ የአዙሳ ዩኒቬርሲቲዉ የክብር ስነስርዓት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ስለሰረዙ ነዉ ማለቱ “ትክክል ነዉ”። ነገር ግን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ደዉለዉ ከመሰረዛቸዉ በፊት ዩኒቬርሲቲዉ የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዛቸዉን ይገመግም ነበር የሚለዉ የሕዝብ ግንኙነትዋ መልስ ባለመካተቱ ታሪኩን በስፋት ማስረዳት ይችሉ የነበሩ ጭብጦችን አስቀርቷል።

    3ኛ፡ የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዮ የአማሪኛዉ ቋንቋ ዝግጅት ነሃሴ 6 ቀን ያስተላለፈዉ ፕሮግራም የኢትዮጵያን መንግስት የሚቃወሙ ወገኖችን አስተያየት በስፋት ያስተናገደ፤ ነገር ግን የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትን የሚደግፉ ወገችን ሃሳብ በበቂ ያላካተተ ነዉ ብሏል።

    የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮ ነሐሴ 6ቀን ያስተላለፈዉ ፕሮግራም ጋዜጠኞቹ ከእለት ተእለት ዜናዎች አልፈዉ በየጊዜዉ ጥልቀት ያላቸዉ ትንታኔዎችና አስተያዬቶችን ለፕሮግራሙ ተከታታዮች ለማቅረብ የሚያደርጉት ጥረት ምሳሌ ነዉ።

    አብዛኞቹ ኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ባለስልጣናት ለአሜሪካ ድምጽ ሬድዮ ጋዜጠኞች አስተያየታቸውን መስጠት ያለመፈለጋቸው፤ የተሟላና የሁሉንም ወገኖች አስተያየት የያዙ ዘገባዎችን ለማቅረብ ለምናደርገው ጥረት ፈታኝ ነው። 

    በሌል ጎን ደግሞ ተቋማዊና ሙያዊ ሚናችንን የሚገነዘቡ ያሉትን ያህል፤ የኢትዮጵያን መንግስት ከሚቃወሙ ወገኖች አሜሪካ ድምጽን የነርሱ ድምጽ አድርጎ የመውሰድ ግምት ይታያል።

    በዩናይትድ ስቴይትስ ኮንግረስ በጀት የሚመደብለት አሜሪካ ድምጽ፤ ገለልተኛ፣ ነጻና የታመነ የዜና ምንጭ ነው። በጋዜጠኝነት ስራዎቹና በመዝናኛ ዝግጅቶቹ የአሜሪካን ባህል፣ የዴሞክራሲና የነጻነት መርሆዎችን ከወቅታዊ ዜናና ትንታኔዎች ጋር ከማቅረብ ባሻገር በቻርተሩ እንደተቀመጠው አሜሪካ ድምጽ “የዩናይትድ ስቴይትስ መንግስት ልሳን አይደለም”።

    ይሄን ተቋማዊ ነጻነት አስፍተን ስንመለከተው ቪኦኤ የየትኛውም ሃገር መንግስት ሆነ ተቃዋሚ፣ ወይንም ለውጥ አራማጅ ቡድን፤ ደጋፊም ተቃዋሚም አይደለም። ቪኦኤ ነጻ ተቋም ነው። 

    የአሜሪካ ድምጽ ጋዜጠኞችም ስራቸውን በሚያከናውኑበት ወቅት፤ በመረጃ የተደገፉ ሃቆችን፣ ሚዛናዊ ዜናዎችና መረጃዎችን ከማንም ሳይወግኑ የተሟላ ማብራሪያ እንዲያቀርቡ የሚመሩበት የጋዜጠኝነት ሙያ ሰነድ ያዛል። የUnited States ምክር ቤት ባጸደቀዉ ደንብ ላይ የተዘተዘሩትን የጋዜጠኝነት መርዎች ተከትለን አሁንም ወደፊትም እንሰራለን።

    በየቀኑ ስለምታዳምጡንና በምናቅርብላችሁ ፕሮግራሞቻችን ለምትሰጡን አመኔታ አድማጮቻችን እናመሰግናለን።

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      Dr. Tseday Aberra

    What It Takes To Fix A Relationship

    I wish I could tell you that all marriages are salvageable or all relationships are meant to be, but I would be lying if I did. It is a fact however that all couples can work through their problems and often achieve to overcome their relationship difficulties, but that is only true when they really commit to working on their issues. As much as their attempt to fix their respective problems requires a good-faith effort, their prospective success in rescuing their relationships also depends on each party’s aptitude and attitude when engaged in the process. By aptitude I mean the minimum amount of maturity required from each party involved, and attitude merely means that each party be fully committed to seeking a solution.

    Unfortunately, I get more lip service on these two issues from couples who seek my professional advice than anyone would expect. Most couples who consult with me want me to fix their problems for them while they sit in my office and limit their participation to a mere chitchat. As much as I want to fix it for them, I can only offer solutions, and the solutions I offer, as candid as they are exacting, require that the couples be committed to doing the necessary work. When some couples have the right attitude to wanting to fix their problems, they lack the aptitude, while others have the aptitude but pretend to care when they have absolutely no interest in succeeding.

    I recognize that relationship solutions are not easy to implement but they are made to be more difficult than they really are by people who do not understand on what concepts these solutions are based. To understand the secret of a healthy relationship, we all should first try to grasp the two major concepts around which the latter is built: Maturity and Honesty.

    I will dedicate the next two articles in defining for you what I mean by maturity and honesty as they are foundational to building healthy and successful relationships. Let me at least tell you that maturity is what each of us has to have before we can seriously participate in a relationship. It is not a quality to aspire to while wallowing in a chaotic relationship but one to acquire before the commitment. Maturity is the tool and relationship the craft. Let’s not try to look for the tool after we have declared the craft as complete.

    As to honesty, it really comes down to whether we really want to hold on to the status quo while trying to find some temporal means to patching the leaky boat we call our relationship, or do we commit to building a sturdy, long lasting ship because we have clearly stated what we want and what we are capable of to building a healthy relationship.

    Without these two concepts, relationships cannot succeed. And if they are allowed to continue, they do so while diminishing in quality as they render each of us more and more resentful of our partners and at the end of ourselves

    About the Author

    Dr. Tseday Aberra is a clinical psychologist and one of the country’s leading experts in marriage, relationships, and self development.

    http://drtseday.com/

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